Publication Date
March 14, 2023
K. Alexander Adams
ERPO, red flag laws, gun control, homicide
Nineteen states have instituted Extreme Risk Protection Order (ERPO) laws, also known as red flag laws. These laws allow law enforcement, family members, and others to petition courts to temporarily remove firearms from an individual who is believed to be a danger to themselves or others. These laws have been passed with the goal of reducing firearm homicide and firearm suicide. This paper tests whether these laws save lives using a generalized synthetic control model. This preliminary study suggests ERPOs as currently written do not significantly reduce total homicide or total suicide nor firearm homicide or firearm suicide.
Recommended Citation
Adams, K. Alexander, The Impact of Extreme Risk Protection Orders on Homicide and Suicide: Are there Any Red Flags? (February 25, 2023). Available at SSRN: or

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